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ARTICLE I: PURPOSE AND AUTHORITY

    1. SHORT TITLE 1-1

    2. REPEALS AND ENACTMENT 1-1

      1-2.1 Repeal of Inconsistency 1-1

      1-2.2 Enactment 1-1

      1-2.3 Effective Date 1-1

    3. PURPOSE 1-1

      1-3.1 General Purpose 1-1

      1-3.2 Manufactured Housing Regulation Purpose 1-2

      1-3.3 Sign Regulation Purpose 1-2

      1-3.4 Off-Street Parking, Stacking, and Loading Regulation Purpose 1-3

      1-3.5 Buffer Yard Purpose 1-3

    4. JURISDICTION 1-3

    5. AUTHORITY 1-4

    6. ABROGATION 1-4

    7. COMPLIANCE. 1-4

      1-7.1 Compliance 1-4

      1-7.2 Voluntary Compliance 1-4

    8. RELATIONSHIP TO THE LAND DEVELOPMENT PLAN 1-4

    9. FEES 1-4

    10. SEVERABILITY 1-5

1-10.1 Invalidation 1-5

1-10.2 Prejudicial Application 1-5

1-10.3 Lawful Presumption 1-5

ARTICLE II INTERPRETATIONS AND DEFINITIONS

    1. INTERPRETATION OF ORDINANCE 2-1

      2-1.1 Minimum Requirements 2-1

      2-1.2 Greater Restrictions Govern 2-1

      2-1.3 Rounding of Numbers 2-1

      2-1.4 Figures and Tables 2-1

    2. RULES OF CONSTRUCTION 2-1

      2-2.1 Word Interpretation 2-1

      2-2.2 Rules of Construction 2-1

    3. DEFINITIONS 2-2

ARTICLE III ADMINISTRATIVE MECHANISMS

    1. PLANNING BOARD 3-1

      3-1.1 Authority 3-1

      3-1.2 Appointment and Terms of Planning Board Members 3-1

      3-1.3 Meetings of the Planning Board 3-2

      3-1.4 Quorum and Voting 3-2

      3-1.5 Planning Board Officers 3-3

      3-1.6 Powers and Duties of Planning Board 3-3

      3-1.7 Advisory Committees 3-3

    2. BOARD OF ADJUSTMENT 3-4

      3-2.1 Authority 3-4

      3-2.2 Appointment and Terms of Board of Adjustment 3-4

      3-2.3 Meetings of the Board of Adjustment 3-5

      3-2.4 Quorum 3-5

      3-2.5 Voting 3-5

      3-2.6 Board of Adjustment Officers 3-7

      3-2.7 Powers and Duties of Board of Adjustment 3-7

    3. ZONING INSPECTOR 3-8

      3-3.1 Establishment 3-8

      3-3.2 Duties of the Zoning Inspector 3-8

    4. BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS 3-8

    5. TOWN CLERK 3-9

ARTICLE IV: PERMITS AND PROCEDURES

    1. PERMIT REQUIRED 4-1

    2. PERMIT EXEMPTIONS 4-1

      4-2.1 Zoning Permit Exemptions 4-1

    3. PERMIT APPLICATIONS AND PLANS 4-2

      4-3.1 General Requirements 4-2

      4-3.2 Site Plan and Plot Plan Procedures 4-2

    4. PERMIT ISSUANCE 4-3

      4-4.1 Display of Zoning and Building Permits 4-3

    5. INSPECTIONS AND INVESTIGATIONS 4-4

      4-5.1 Periodic Inspections 4-4

      4-5.2 Investigations. 4-4

      4-5.3 Written Statements 4-4

    6. ZONING PERMITS 4-4

    7. SPECIAL USE PERMITS 4-6

      4-7.1 Special Use Permit Review Process 4-6

      4-7.2 Recommendations on Special Use Permits 4-6

      4-7.3 Public Hearing Requirements and Procedures 4-6

      4-7.4 Board of Commissioners Action on Special Use Permits 4-8

      4-7.5 Additional Requirements on Special Use Permits 4-9

    8. AUTHORIZING USE OR OCCUPANCY BEFORE COMPLETION OF

      DEVELOPMENT UNDER ZONING AND SPECIAL USE PERMITS 4-11

    9. COMPLETING DEVELOPMENTS IN PHASES 4-11

    10. EXPIRATION OF PERMITS 4-11

    11. EFFECT OF PERMIT ON SUCCESSORS AND ASSIGNS 4-12

    12. AMENDMENTS TO AND MODIFICATIONS OF PERMITS 4-13

    13. RECONSIDERATION OF BOARD ACTION ON SPECIAL USE PERMITS 4-14

    14. MAINTENANCE OF COMMON AREAS, IMPROVEMENTS, AND FACILITIES 4-14

    15. ZONING VESTED RIGHTS 4-14

    16. CERTIFICATE OF ZONING COMPLIANCE 4-17

ARTICLE V: ENFORCEMENT

    1. VIOLATIONS 5-1

      5-1.1 Development Without Permit 5-1

      5-1.2 Development Inconsistent With Permit 5-1

      5-1.3 Violation by Act or Omission 5-1

      5-1.4 Use in Violation. 5-1

      5-1.5 Continue a Violation 5-1

    2. ENFORCEMENT INTENT 5-1

    3. ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES 5-2

      5-3.1 Notice of Violation. 5-2

      5-3.2 Appeal 5-2

      5-3.3 Order of Corrective Action 5-2

      5-3.4 Failure to Comply with an Order 5-3

    4. PENALTIES AND REMEDIES 5-3

      5-4.1 Injunction 5-3

      5-4.2 Civil Penalties 5-3

      5-4.3 Denial of Permit or Certificate 5-3

      5-4.4 Conditional Permit 5-3

      5-4.5 Revocation of Permits 5-3

      5-4.6 Criminal Penalties 5-4

      5-4.7 State and Common Law Remedies 5-4

    5. CIVIL PENALTIES - ASSESSMENT AND PROCEDURES 5-4

      5-5.1 Penalties 5-4

      5-5.2 Notice 5-4

      5-5.3 Responsible Parties. 5-4

      5-5.4 Continuing Violation. 5-4

      5-5.5 Demand for Payment 5-4

      5-5.6 Nonpayment 5-5

    6. PERMIT REVOCATION 5-5

      5-6.1 General 5-5

      5-6.2 Special Use Permit Revocation 5-5

      5-6.3 Zoning Permit Revocation 5-5

    7. JUDICIAL REVIEW 5-5

5-7.1 Appeal to Superior Court 5-5

5-7.2 Timing of Appeal 5-6

ARTICLE VI: NONCONFORMING SITUATIONS

    1. GENERAL 6-1

    2. NONCONFORMING LOTS 6-1

      6-2.1 Single Lot of Record with Lot Area and/or Lot Width Nonconformity 6-1

      6-2.2 Lots with Contiguous Frontage in One Ownership 6-1

      6-2.3 Reduction of a Lot of Record 6-2

      6-2.4 Lot of Record with Setback Nonconformity 6-2

    3. NONCONFORMING USE OF LAND 6-2

      6-3.1 Continuance of Nonconforming Use of Land 6-2

      6-3.2 Conditions for Continuance 6-2

      6-3.3 Extension, Enlargement or Replacement of a Nonconforming Use 6-3

    4. NONCONFORMING STRUCTURES 6-4

      6-4.1 Continuance of Nonconforming Structure 6-4

      6-4.2 Conditions for Continuance 6-4

      6-4.3 Preservation of Safe or Lawful Conditions 6-5

    5. MISCELLANEOUS NONCONFORMING SITUATIONS 6-5

      6-5.1 Nonconforming Situation Resulting From Governmental Acquisition 6-5

      6-5.2 Nonconforming Parking Created By Change of Use 6-5

    6. NONCONFORMING PROJECTS 6-5

    7. NONCONFORMING SIGNS 6-6

6-7.1 Continuance of Nonconforming Signs 6-6

6-7.2 Violations of Nonconforming Sign Provisions 6-7

ARTICLE VII: APPEALS, VARIANCES, INTERPRETATIONS

    1. APPEALS 7-1

    2. VARIANCES 7-1

    3. INTERPRETATIONS. 7-2

    4. REQUESTS TO BE HEARD EXPEDITIOUSLY 7-3

    5. BURDEN OF PROOF IN APPEALS AND VARIANCES 7-3

    6. BOARD ACTION ON APPEALS AND VARIANCES 7-3

    7. HEARING PROCEDURES REQUIRED ON APPEALS AND VARIANCES 7-3

    8. NOTICE OF HEARING 7-4

    9. EVIDENCE 7-4

    10. MODIFICATION OF APPLICATION AT HEARING 7-5

    11. RECORD 7-5

    12. WRITTEN DECISION. 7-5

ARTICLE VIII: AMENDMENTS AND DEVELOPMENT MORATORIA

    1. AMENDMENTS IN GENERAL 8-1

    2. INITIATION OF AMENDMENTS 8-1

    3. PLANNING BOARD REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATION 8-2

    4. PUBLIC HEARINGS. 8-2

    5. BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS REVIEW AND ACTION 8-4

    6. ULTIMATE ISSUE BEFORE BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS ON AMENDMENTS. 8-4

    7. QUALIFIED PROTESTS TO ZONING DISTRICT CHANGES 8-5

    8. NOTICE TO NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION OF ESTABLISHMENT OR REVISION OF INDUSTRIAL ZONES ALONG

      INTERSTATE OR PRIMARY HIGHWAYS 8-6

    9. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON CHALLENGES TO ORDINANCE ADOPTION

      AND AMENDMENTS 8-6

    10. DEVELOPMENT MORATORIA 8-6

ARTICLE IX: ZONING DISTRICTS AND ZONING MAP

    1. ESTABLISHMENT OF ZONING DISTRICTS 9-1

      9-1.1 RA Residential-Agricultural Zone 9-1

      9-1.2 R-1 Permanent Residential Zone 9-1

      9-1.3 R-1A Permanent Residential Zone 9-1

      9-1.4 R-2 Recreational Residential Zone 9-1

      9-1.5 B Business Zone 9-2

    2. ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICIAL ZONING MAP 9-2

      9-2.1 Official Zoning Map 9-2

      9-2.2 Map Certification 9-2

      9-2.3 Map Changes 9-2

      9-2.4 Unauthorized Changes 9-2

      9-2.5 Map Location 9-2

      9-2.6 Map Damage and Replacement 9-3

      9-2.7 Replacement of Official Zoning Map 9-3

    3. INTERPRETATION OF DISTRICT BOUNDARIES 9-3

9-3.1 Boundary Interpretation 9-3

9-3.2 Interpretation by Board of Adjustment 9-4

9-3.3 Annexation 9-4

ARTICLE X: PERMITTED USES

10-1 PERMITTED USES 10-1

10-1.1 Permitted Use Table 10-2

10-1.2 Permissible Uses Not Requiring Permits 10-6

10-1.3 Change in Use 10-6

10-1.4 Combination Uses 10-7

10-1.5 Mixed Uses 10-7

10-1.6 Accessory Uses 10-7

ARTICLE XI: DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS FOR INDIVIDUAL USES

11-1 DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS 11-1

11-1.1 Application of Development Standards 11-1

11-1.2 Standards for All Uses 11-1

11-1.3 Adult Bookstore, Adult Theater, Adult Massage Parlor 11-1

11-1.4 Animal Feeder/Breeder Operations 11-2

11-1.5 Athletic Fields 11-2

11-1.6 Automobile Repair/Towing Services 11-3

11-1.7 Batting Cages 11-3

11-1.8 Bed and Breakfast 11-3

11-1.9 Boat Sales 11-4

11-1.10 Building Supply Sales 11-4

11-1.11 Carnivals and Fairs 11-5

11-1.12 Church and Other Places of Worship 11-5

11-1.13 Club 11-5

11-1.14 Communication Tower Under 50 Feet In Height 11-6

11-1.15 Condominiums 11-6

11-1.16 Day Care Center, Child or Adult 11-7

11-1.17 Equestrian Facility 11-7

11-1.18 Fences 11-7

11-1.19 Fuel Oil Sales 11-8

11-1.20 Go-Cart Raceway 11-9

11-1.21 Golf Course 11-10

11-1.22 Golf Driving Range 11-10

11-1.23 Group Care Facility 11-10

11-1.24 Home Occupations 11-10

11-1.25 Kennels or Pet Grooming; Veterinary Clinic 11-11

11-1.26 Manufactured Homes (Class B and C) on Individual Lots 11-12

11-1.27 Manufactured Home Park 11-12

11-1.28 Marina 11-16

11-1.29 Massage Parlor 11-17

11-1.30 Mining, Quarrying, Sand Pits, and Mineral Extraction 11-17

11-1.31 Motor Vehicle, Recreational Vehicle, and Boat Sales 11-17

11-1.32 Nursing and Convalescent Home 11-18

11-1.33 Outdoor Events, Other 11-18

11-1.34 Private Campground/RV Park 11-19

11-1.35 Private Club or Recreation Facility, Other 11-22

11-1.36 Public Park or Recreational Facility, Other 11-23

11-1.37 Radio, Television or Communication Tower

Over 50 Feet In Height 11-24

11-1.38 Recreational Vehicle Sales. 11-24

11-1.39 Retreat Center 11-24

11-1.40 Satellite Dish Antenna 11-24

11-1.41 Service Station, Gasoline Sales 11-25

11-1.42 Single-Family Detached Dwelling; Manufactured Home, Class A 11-25

11-1.43 Swim and Tennis Club, Country Clubs with Golf Course 11-25

11-1.44 Swimming Pool 11-26

11-1.45 Temporary Emergency, Construction, and Repair Residence 11-26

11-1.46 Tourist Cottages 11-27

11-1.46.1 Townhouse Dwelling 11-27

11-1.47 Utility Related Appurtenances, Substations 11-28

11-1.48 Veterinary Clinic 11-29

ARTICLE XII: DENSITY AND DIMENSIONAL REQUIREMENTS

    1. MINIMUM LOT AREA 12-1

    2. RESIDENTIAL DENSITY 12-1

    3. MINIMUM LOT WIDTH 12-2

    4. LOT ACCESS REQUIREMENTS 12-3

    5. BUILDING SETBACK REQUIREMENTS 12-3

    6. BUILDING HEIGHT LIMITATIONS 12-5

    7. DIMENSIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCESSORY BUILDINGS,

      STRUCTURES, AND USES 12-5

    8. SUPPLEMENTARY DIMENSIONAL REQUIREMENTS 12-5

ARTICLE XIII: SIGNS

    1. PURPOSE 13-1

    2. DEFINITIONS 13-1

    3. SIGN STANDARDS 13-5

    4. EXEMPT SIGNS 13-6

    5. PROHIBITED SIGNS 13-7

    6. SIGN PLACEMENT, SIZE, HEIGHT, SETBACK, SEPARATION, CLEARANCES

      AND CONSTRUCTION BY SIGN TYPE 13-8

    7. TABLE OF PERMITTED SIGNS 13-11

    8. NONCONFORMING SIGNS 13-11

ARTICLE XIV: OFF-STREET PARKING, STACKING, AND LOADING AREAS

    1. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 14-1

    2. PARKING REQUIREMENTS FOR CHANGE IN USE 14-2

    3. NUMBER OF PARKING AND STACKING SPACES REQUIRED 14-2

    4. DESIGN STANDARDS FOR PARKING, STACKING AND LOADING AREAS 14-6

    5. LOCATION 14-8

    6. COMBINED PARKING 14-8

    7. LOADING AREAS 14-9

    8. PARKING AND LOADING AREA LANDSCAPING 14-9

    9. EXCESSIVE ILLUMINATION IN PARKING LOTS AND LOADING AREAS 14-10

ARTICLE XV: LANDSCAPING AND SCREENING

    1. PURPOSE 15-1

    2. PARKING AND LOADING AREA LANDSCAPING 15-1

    3. SCREENING OF DUMPSTERS 15-3

    4. SCREENING OF ADJOINING INCOMPATIBLE LAND USES 15-3

    5. ALTERNATIVE SCREENING METHODS 15-4

    6. MAINTENANCE 15-6

    7. USE OF EXISTING SCREENING 15-6

    8. OBSTRUCTIONS PROHIBITED 15-6

    9. GUARANTEE IN LIEU OF IMMEDIATE INSTALLATION OF LANDSCAPING

AND SCREENING MATERIALS 15-6


LIST OF FIGURES


Figure 1 Street Classifications for Purposes of Administering the Zoning Ordinance 2-9

Figure 2 Process for Reviewing Requests for Zoning Permits 4-5

Figure 3 Process for Reviewing Requests for Special Use Permits 4-10

Figure 4 Process for Reviewing Requests for Rezonings and Text Amendments 8-7

Figure 5 Encroachments Permitted in Setbacks 12-6

Figure 6 Flag Lots 12-9

Figure 7 Exclusive Access Easements 12-11

Figure 8 Planting Requirements for Buffer Yards 15-2

Figure 9 Example of the Application of Buffers and Screens 15-5


APPENDICES


Appendix 1: Information Required With Applications ...................................................... A-1-1

Appendix 2: Vested Right Certification ............................................................................ A-2-1


INDEX


General Index .............................................................................................................................I-1


LIST OF TEXT AMENDMENTS